All citizens, organisations and public authorities are welcome to contribute to this consultation
Period of consultation
From 05.03.2021 to 28.05.2021
Objective of the consultation
Article 101(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ("TFEU") prohibits agreements between undertakings that restrict competition. The Court of Justice of the European Union has recognised that collective bargaining between employees and employers falls outside the scope of the application of EU competition rules. However, genuine self-employed are considered "undertakings" under EU law and agreements they enter into (such as collective bargaining agreements) risk therefore being in breach of the EU competition law.
The European Commission has launched an initiative to ensure that EU competition law does not stand in the way of collective agreements that aim to improve the working conditions of solo self-employed people, while guaranteeing that consumers and SMEs continue to benefit from competitive prices and innovative business models, including in the digital economy. The initiative seeks to achieve this objective by clarifying the applicability of EU competition law to collective bargaining by solo self-employed. In parallel, the European Commission has launched a separate initiative that focuses on the working conditions in platform work on the basis of the social policy provisions of the TFEU, which is not subject to this open public consultation.
The European Commission is seeking the views of stakeholders in the present open public consultation in order to assess the current situation of solo self-employed, to identify the added value of EU action in this area and the likely impacts of these policy options. The Commission will take this information into account in assessing the value and impact of action in this area.
How to submit your contribution
We welcome contributions from citizens, organisations and public authorities.
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Consultation document / Questionnaire
Reference documents and other related consultations
- Roadmap of the initiative and consultation on the inception impact assessment.
- Press Release: Antitrust: The European Commission launches a process to address the issue of collective bargaining for the self-employed de en fr.
- Consultation on the Digitals Services Acts Package (Section V).
Directorate-General for Competition – Unit A4-ECN
Please always indicate the reference number in your correspondence: HT. 5694
COMP-COLLECTIVE-BARGAINING-1ec [dot] europa [dot] eu (COMP-COLLECTIVE-BARGAINING-1[at]ec[dot]europa[dot]eu)
Directorate-General for Competition
1049 Bruxelles /Brussel