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Competition Policy

Legislation (Agriculture, Food & Fisheries)

EU competition rules apply to all food products at all levels of the food supply chain, from the production of raw agricultural products to grocery retail.

Agricultural, forestry and rural areas

Antitrust

  • Regulation 1184/2006 of 24 July 2006 applying certain rules of competition to the production of, and trade in, agricultural products (Codified version)
    OJ L 214, 4.8.2006, p. 7–9 
  • Regulation 1234/2007 establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets (repealed)
    Official Journal L 299, 16.11.2007, p. 1–149
  • Regulation 1308/2013 of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Regulation 922/72, 234/79, 1037/2001 and 1234/2007
    OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 671-854 
  • Report on the application of the Union Competition rules to the agricultural sector SWD(2018) 450 Final
  • Commission Staff Working Document, accompanying the document Report on the application of the Union competition rules to the agricultural sector COM(2018)706 Final
  • Guidelines on the application of the specific rules set out in Articles 169, 170 and 171 of the CMO Regulation for olive oil, beef and veal and arable crops sectors OJ C 431, 22.12.2015, p. 1–41 (Articles 169,170 and 171 of Regulation 1308/2013 were deleted as of 1 January 2018, but they continue legally to be relevant for activities that took place while Articles 169, 170 and of 171 of Regulation 1308/2013 where in force)
  • Commission Delegated Regulation 2016/1166 of 17 May 2016 amending Annex X to Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards purchase terms for beet in the sugar sector as from 1 October 2017 OJ L 193, 19.7.2016, p. 17–18 
  • Regulation 2017/2393 of 13 December 2017 amending i.a. No 1308/2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products ("the Omnibus Regulation") OJ L 350, 29.12.2017, p. 15–49
  • Commission Delegated Regulation 2016/558 of 11 April 2016 authorising agreements and decisions of cooperatives and other forms of producer organisations in the milk and milk products sector on the planning of production OJ L 96, 12.4.2016, p. 18–19 (no longer applicable) 
  • Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/559 of 11 April 2016 authorising agreements and decisions on the planning of production in the milk and milk products sector OJ L 96, 12.4.2016, p. 20–22 (no longer applicable)
  • Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/1615 of 8 September 2016 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/559 as regards the period in which agreements and decisions on the planning of production in the milk and milk products sector are authorised OJ L 242, 9.9.2016, p. 17–18 (no longer applicable)

 

State Aid

Food

  • Directive (EU) 2019/633 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the agricultural and food supply chain PE/4/2019/REV/2 OJ L 111, 25.4.2019, p. 59–7 
  • COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT Initiative to improve the food supply chain (unfair trading practices) Accompanying the document Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the food supply chain SWD/2018/092 final.  

Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Regulation (EU) No 1379/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the common organisation of the markets in fishery and aquaculture products, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1184/2006 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000, OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 1–21
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 1388/2014 of 16 December 2014 declaring certain categories of aid to undertakings active in the production, processing and marketing of fishery and aquaculture products compatible with the internal market in application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, OJ L 369, 24.12.2014, p. 37–63 (consolidated version)
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 717/2014 of 27 June 2014 on the application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to de minimis aid in the fishery and aquaculture sector, OJ L 190, 28.6.2014, p. 45–54 (consolidated version)
  • Guidelines for the examination of State aid to the fishery and aquaculture sector OJ C 217, 2.7.2015, p. 1–15 (consolidated version)
  • Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2328/2003, (EC) No 861/2006, (EC) No 1198/2006 and (EC) No 791/2007 and Regulation (EU) No 1255/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council (consolidated version)

Other information sources

Agriculture

 

Food

 

Commission Task Force on the Food Supply Chain (May 2008 – October 2009):


The Modern Retail Study

 

Articles

 

Other Relevant Reports, Studies

 

FISH