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Competition Policy

Digital Markets Act (DMA)

What is in the DMA and from when does it apply?

Following the initial proposal of the European Commission in December 2020, the Regulation was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council on 14 September 2022.  It was published in the Official Journal on 12 October 2022.

The DMA entered into force on 1 November 2022 and will become applicable on 2 May 2023. Within two months of that date, companies providing core platform services will have to notify the Commission if they meet the quantitative thresholds and provide all relevant information. The Commission will then have 45 working days to adopt a decision designating a specific gatekeeper. The designated gatekeepers will have a maximum of six months after the Commission decision to ensure compliance with the obligations and prohibitions laid down in the DMA.

Documents published by the European Parliament and the Council provide a good overview of the relevant do’s and don’ts that gatekeepers will have to respect.

Digital Markets Act Timeline



The Commission intends to organise a number of technical workshops with interested stakeholders to receive their views on specific issues and questions that may arise in relation to the specific implementing measures by gatekeepers that are to ensure effective compliance with the DMA. The first of those workshops will take place on 5 December 2022 and focus on the “self-preferencing” provision. 

How to get in touch with the Commission on DMA implementation?

Please address any questions, submissions or meeting requests to


Questions and Answers on the DMA